In this article, we will learn how to upload a file using Node.js API and Angular 9.

Prerequisites:

  • Basic knowledge of Node.js and Angular
  • Code editors like Visual Studio 2019 and Visual Studio Code

If you’re new in Node.js? You must have to follow the link given below to set up a new Node.js API in Visual Studio.

How To Create Simple Node.js API In Visual Studio

First, create an API in Node.js then call it from Angular 9.

Upload a file in Node.js API

Firstly, we have to install a package to upload a file.

Install the express-fileupload package with the NPM:

Right-click on the npm from Solution Explorer -> Install New npm Packages…

Search and install express-fileupload package.

Open the index.js file from the routes folder and add the code in it.

'use strict';
var express = require('express');
var router = express.Router();
var fileupload = require('express-fileupload');
var fs = require('fs');

router.use(fileupload());

/* GET home page. */
router.post('/fileupload', function (req, res) {
    if (req.files.photo == undefined || req.files.photo == null) {
        res.status(415).send();
    }
    const file = req.files.photo;
    var directory = './Uploads';
    //Create a directory if it doesn't exist
    if (!fs.existsSync(directory)) {
        fs.mkdirSync(directory);
    }
    if (file.mimetype == 'image/jpeg' || file.mimetype == 'image/png') {
        file.mv("./Uploads/" + file.name, function (error, response) {
            if (error) {
                res.status(415).send();
            }
            else {
                res.status(200).send();
            }
        });
    }
    else {
        res.status(415).send();
    }
});

module.exports = router;

Open the app.js file and add the code in it. (To Enable Cross-Origin Requests)

'use strict';
var debug = require('debug');
var express = require('express');
var path = require('path');
var favicon = require('serve-favicon');
var logger = require('morgan');
var cookieParser = require('cookie-parser');
var bodyParser = require('body-parser');

var routes = require('./routes/index');
var users = require('./routes/users');

var app = express();

// view engine setup
app.set('views', path.join(__dirname, 'views'));
app.set('view engine', 'pug');

//Custom : CORS Middleware
app.use(function (req, res, next) {
    //Enabling CORS 
    res.header("Access-Control-Allow-Origin", "*");
    res.header("Access-Control-Allow-Methods", "*");
    res.header("Access-Control-Allow-Headers", "*");
    next();
});

// uncomment after placing your favicon in /public
//app.use(favicon(__dirname + '/public/favicon.ico'));
app.use(logger('dev'));
app.use(bodyParser.json());
app.use(bodyParser.urlencoded({ extended: false }));
app.use(cookieParser());
app.use(express.static(path.join(__dirname, 'public')));

app.use('/', routes);
app.use('/users', users);

// catch 404 and forward to error handler
app.use(function (req, res, next) {
    var err = new Error('Not Found');
    err.status = 404;
    next(err);
});

// error handlers

// development error handler
// will print stacktrace
if (app.get('env') === 'development') {
    app.use(function (err, req, res, next) {
        res.status(err.status || 500);
        res.render('error', {
            message: err.message,
            error: err
        });
    });
}

// production error handler
// no stacktraces leaked to user
app.use(function (err, req, res, next) {
    res.status(err.status || 500);
    res.render('error', {
        message: err.message,
        error: {}
    });
});

app.set('port', process.env.PORT || 3000);

var server = app.listen(app.get('port'), function () {
    debug('Express server listening on port ' + server.address().port);
});

Call Node.js file upload API from Angular 9

Open the app.component.html file and add the code in it.

<form (ngSubmit)="onSubmit()">
  <input type="file" (change)="handleImage($event.target.files)" accept=".jpeg,.png,.jpg">
  <input type="submit">
</form>

Open the app.component.ts file and add the code in it.

import { Component } from '@angular/core';
import { HttpClient } from '@angular/common/http';

@Component({
  selector: 'app-root',
  templateUrl: './app.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./app.component.css']
})
export class AppComponent {
  title = 'FrontEnd';
  formData = new FormData();

  constructor(private http: HttpClient) { }

  onSubmit() {
    return this.http.post('http://localhost:1337/fileupload', this.formData).subscribe(
      (response) => {
        alert('File Uploaded Successfully')
      },
      (error) => {
        alert('Something Went Wrong !!!')
      }
    );
  }
  handleImage(files: FileList) {
    this.formData.delete('photo');
    this.formData.append('photo', files[0]);
  }
}

Open the app.module.ts file and add the code in it.

import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';

import { FormsModule } from '@angular/forms';
import { HttpClientModule } from '@angular/common/http';

import { AppRoutingModule } from './app-routing.module';
import { AppComponent } from './app.component';

@NgModule({
  declarations: [
    AppComponent
  ],
  imports: [
    BrowserModule,
    AppRoutingModule,
    FormsModule,
    HttpClientModule
  ],
  providers: [],
  bootstrap: [AppComponent]
})
export class AppModule { }

Output:

Also, check Binding DropDownList With Database In Node.js

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