How To Encode A String In Base64 Using Angular

Today, we will learn about how to encode a string into base64 using Angular.

What is Base64 Encoding?

  •  Base64 Encoding means of encoding text in ASCII(American Standard Code for Information Interchange) format.
  •  The Base64 scheme takes any kind of data type, such as binary data, and translates it into text format in ASCII.
  •  If you want to Encode, the method name is btoa().
  •  It will accept the Encoded text btoa(“EncodedText”).

Implementation

Step 1: ng new Demo

Step 2: npm install bootstrap

Modify the angular.json

"styles": [
              "node_modules/bootstrap/dist/css/bootstrap.min.css",
              "src/styles.css"
          ],
Modify the styles.css
@import '~bootstrap/dist/css/bootstrap.min.css';

Step 3: Modify the app.module.ts and import ReactiveFormsModule.

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { AppRoutingModule } from './app-routing.module';
import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
import { ReactiveFormsModule } from '@angular/forms';

@NgModule({
  declarations: [
    AppComponent
  ],
  imports: [
    BrowserModule,
    AppRoutingModule,
    ReactiveFormsModule
  ],
  providers: [],
  bootstrap: [AppComponent]
})
export class AppModule { }

Step 4: Write the below code in app.component.ts

import { Component, OnInit  } from '@angular/core';
import { FormBuilder } from '@angular/forms';
import { FormGroup } from '@angular/forms';

@Component({
  selector: 'app-root',
  templateUrl: './app.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./app.component.css']
})
export class AppComponent implements OnInit{
  
  InputForm!:FormGroup;
  EncodeText!:any;
  DecodeText!:any;

  constructor(private fb:FormBuilder)
  {}

  ngOnInit(): void 
  {
    this.InputForm = this.fb.group({
      Encode:[''],
      Decode:['']
   }); 
  }

  Convertdecode()
  {
    this.InputForm.patchValue({
      Decode:""
     });
    this.EncodeText = this.InputForm.get('Encode')?.value;
    this.DecodeText = btoa(this.EncodeText);    //function used to convert string into Base64
    this.InputForm.patchValue({
     Decode:this.DecodeText
    });
    this.InputForm.patchValue({
      Encode:""
    });
  }

  onSubmit()
  {}

}

Step 5: Write the below code in app.component.html

<div class="container">
  <div class="row">
    <div class="col-lg-12">
      <div class="row" style="margin-top: 7%;background-color: rgb(238, 234, 234);padding:4%;border: 4px dotted gray;">
        <div class="col-lg-12" style="text-align: center;">
          <h2>Convert Encode String in Base64 using Angular</h2>
        </div>
        <div class="row">
          <div class="col-lg-12">
            <form [formGroup]="InputForm" class="form-horizontal" (ngSubmit)="onSubmit()">
              <div class="row form-group">
                <div class="col-md-3 mt-8">
                </div>
                <div class="col-md-6 mt-8" style="margin-top:3%">
                  <input type="text" id="Encode" class="form-control" formControlName="Encode"
                    placeholder="Encoded Text.....">
                </div>
                <div class="col-md-3 mt-8">
                </div>
              </div>
              <div class="row form-group">
                <div class="col-md-3 mt-8">
                </div>
                <div class="col-md-6 mt-8" style="margin-top:3%">
                  <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary" (click)="Convertdecode()">Decode</button>&nbsp;&nbsp;
                </div>
              </div>
              <div class="row form-group">
                <div class="col-md-3 mt-8">
                </div>
                <div class="col-md-6 mt-8" style="margin-top:3%">
                  <input type="text" id="Decode" class="form-control" formControlName="Decode"
                    placeholder="Decoded Text.....">
                </div>
                <div class="col-md-3 mt-8">
                </div>
              </div>
            </form>
          </div>
        </div>
      </div>
    </div>
  </div>
</div>

Step 6: ng serve to show the below output. [Write Text that will be Decoded in Base64]

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