How To Use Constractor In React Class Component

In this article, we will learn how to use constractor in react js.

The function Object() { [native code] } is a method for initialising the state of an object in a class.

When an object in a class is created, it is automatically invoked.

In React, the concept of a function Object() { [native code] } is the same.

A React component’s function Object() { [native code] } is called before the component is mounted.

You must call super(props) function before any other statement when implementing the function Object() { [native code] } for a React component. This.props will be undefined in the function Object() { [native code] } if super(props) is not called, which might lead to errors.

Syntax

Constructor(props){  
     super(props);  
}

Constructors are mostly used in React for two purposes:

  • It’s used to set the component’s local state by assigning an object to this.state.
  • It is used to connect event handler functions in your component.

In the function Object() { [native code] }, you can’t use the setState() method ().

If the component requires local state, you must assign the initial state using ‘this.state’ explicitly in the function Object() { [native code] }.

This.state is only used in the function Object() { [native code] } to set the initial state; all other methods must use the set.state() function.

You can see below code how to use,

import React, { Component } from 'react';  
  
class App extends Component {  
  constructor(props){  
    super(props);  
    this.state = {  
         data: 'www.thecodehubs.com'  
      }  
    this.handleEvent = this.handleEvent.bind(this);  
  }  
  buttonHandler(){  
    console.log(this.props);  
  }  
  render() {  
    return (  
      <div className="App">  
    <h2>React Constructor</h2>  
    <input type ="text" value={this.state.data} />  
        <button onClick={this.buttonHandler}>Button</button>  
      </div>  
    );  
  }  
}  
export default App;

 

 

 

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